DHSS Assignment Guides

Mapping Primary Sources

Mapping primary sources may be the easiest way into DHSS for you and your students because many of us are already familiar with using online maps and mapping tools to make sense of space and place.

But because DHSS can help us make meaning in new ways, we have to think not just of how your students might create a digital map, but why. Why will plotting primary sources on a map help us understand a particular idea or concept better than if the sources were not on a map? How will students be able to communicate these new layers of meaning?



  • Plotting and annotating digital materials on a map

Possible tools/technologies:

  • Google Maps
  • StoryMap
  • Voyant

Elements of process:

  • Choose locations and materials
  • Choose how and with what a location would be indicated
  • Write a description of location and item

Size of the assignment:

  • Small to Medium


  • Low to Moderate

In her exhibit, “Looking Back: Temporal and spatial connections of Post-War migration and displacement through the eyes of the Toronto TelegramRobyn Le Lacheur created two maps: “Refugees & Displaced Peoples: Where they came from” and “Local Context: War Guests in Toronto.” Robyn took photographs from the Toronto Telegram that had been previously identified by archivists as images representing post-Second World War refugees or migrants. Robyn was interested in where the refugees came from and where they settled, so she created two maps to demonstrate where migrants “came from” and the “local context” of their settlement. She also transcribed the caption and editorial information included with each image so that this information would be now part of the map.


“From the four corners of Europe,” Toronto Telegram (04/10/1944)

Robyn’s maps were part of her Scalar exhibit, but your students could also use Google maps to do this work outside of Scalar. Robyn also digitized her material, which made mapping one piece of a much larger project. However, if your students were using already digitized materials, rather than scanning them like Robyn did, your students’ focus should be on contextualizing the primary sources with more secondary analysis. In this way, as with all DHSS assignments, each project can expand or contract based on where the material is coming from and if it needs to be digitized. Adjust expectations for final product accordingly. See below for other mapping assignment suggestions.


Digital Mapping suggestions for your students

  • For his “Development of Toronto” course taught in the Department of History, York University, Dr. Gilberto Fernandes had each one of his students research, write, and map one “node” on a public Toronto the Bad map. Using Dr. Fernandes assignment as an example, you can do the same thing with your students, but with primary sources that align with your course content.
  • Mapping the Republic of Letters is a large project that demonstrates networks of scholars over time as seen through the exchange of letters. Similarly, you could invite students to map the physical and textual networks of primary sources to highlight the transnational connections across time and place.
  • Take a novel, like Mrs. Dalloway, and have students map the character’s movements through the plot.
  • Get students to understand the overlapping uses and understandings of space by having them map different community maps and/or individual recollections of a space. University of Victoria’s Community Mapping project could be used as inspiration.
  • There are many new projects that are mapping structural racism across time and place. Get students to review the projects identified in the article “How Is Digital Mapping Changing The Way We Visualize Racism and Segregation?” (2017) and have them replicate an abbreviated version of the method for historical and/or contemporary instances of racism, sexism, classism, homophobia, and/or transphobia